Why do I get the error:

```
**** ERRORS(S) IN EQUATION XXX(S,M)
1 INSTANCE OF - UNDEFINED REAL POWER (RETURNED 0.0E+00)
```

Why do I get the error:

```
**** ERRORS(S) IN EQUATION XXX(S,M)
1 INSTANCE OF - UNDEFINED REAL POWER (RETURNED 0.0E+00)
```

Without seeing the definition of equation *XXX*, it is not possible to say what the problem is exactly, but I can speculate a bit. This type of message is often the result of raising a variable to a power less than one, and trying to evaluate this with a zero or negative argument. For example,

*x**0.5* is not defined for *x=-.1*, and if *x = 0*, the derivative is not defined, so there is still going to be an evaluation error.

One common approach to fixing this is to place a bound on the variable in question (say *x.lo = 1e-5*) and make sure that none of these bounds are active at the solution to the model.

If you are raising an expression to a power, you can either add an equation to bound that expression, or set this expression to a new variable you introduce (via a new equation) and bound the new variable as above.